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Focus Report

Forced displacement, poverty and financing: Seven facts you need to know

Key facts Rising levels of forced displacement drive increased emergency financing requirements Most displaced people globally are in the Middle East and Africa There are more displaced people in middle income than......

Humanitarian assistance in numbers

Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2016

Welcome to our Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2016. This annual report is a leading resource for understanding financing for humanitarian crises globally. Following the new Sustainable Development Goals and World Humanitarian Summit,…

Published: 19/05/2016 Pages:
Focus Report

Better information for a better response: The basics of humanitarian transparency

The World Humanitarian Summit provides an unprecedented opportunity to generate political momentum on the issue of transparency. We have witnessed strong calls, including from the United Nations Secretary-General, for global impro...

GHA Briefing

Humanitarian assistance to education for the Syrian emergency

In preparation for the London Conference for Syria and the Region on 4 February, the Malala Fund commissioned Development Initiatives to undertake analysis on the current levels of humanitarian financing directed towards......

Focus Report

Trends in Humanitarian Financing: Middle East and North Africa region

With a third of the world’s refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) now living in the MENA region, the question of financing the response is critical. Contributions from donor governments in the......

Focus Report

Humanitarian Assistance to East and Central Africa

Crises in the Middle East (Syria and Iraq), disasters caused by natural hazards in Asia, and Ebola in West Africa have recently dominated the international headlines. This paper looks at the numbers......

GHA Briefing

The World Humanitarian Summit: Making financing work for crisis-affected people

The World Humanitarian Summit: Making financing work for crisis-affected people...

Image for GHA report

Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2015

Thank you to all those that participated in our event in London and online. You can view the recorded event below. Please do share with your networks. REPORT SYNOPSIS Humanitarian financing is…

Published: 18/06/2015 Pages:

Humanitarian assistance from non-state donors: Latest trends

Humanitarian needs around the world continue to increase but traditional funding from governments and institutional donors is not keeping pace. As part of efforts to leverage new and alternative forms of assistance,…

Published: 14/05/2015 Pages:
Focus Report

The UN-coordinated appeals in 2015: An ambitious plan to meet growing humanitarian needs

The amount requested in UN-coordinated appeals in 2015 has reached a new record high of US$18.7 billion. Only three months into the year, the funding requested for 2015 is already US$0.7 billion......

Zakat resized

An Act of Faith: Humanitarian Financing and Zakat

The number, scale and severity of humanitarian crises are outstripping resources. While international humanitarian assistance continues to increase, reaching record levels in 2013, it is still not enough to fully meet needs….

Published: 26/03/2015 Pages:
Focus Report

Think Piece: Humanitarian Financing

There has never been enough humanitarian funding. Needs have always gone unmet, and the international community has long sought ways to fix this problem. Yet there now appears to be renewed energy......

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Afghanistan beyond 2014: Aid and the Transformation Decade

Afghanistan has been the focus of large international aid and security investments since the US-led military intervention of 2001. There have been many major milestones for Afghanistan in 2014, and the country…

Published: 06/11/2014 Pages:

GHA Report 2014

How much is spent on humanitarian assistance? Is it enough? Where does it go? How does it get there and what is it spent on? Knowing who is spending what, where, and…

Published: 10/09/2014 Pages:
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Humanitarian assistance from non-state donors: what is it worth?

Humanitarian need around the world is increasing but traditional funding from governments and institutional donors is not keeping pace. As a result, aid agencies are looking to a diverse set of new…

Published: 02/05/2014 Pages:
GHA Briefing

South Sudan: donor response to the crisis

Formed in July 2011, South Sudan remains the world’s newest country. In the two and a half years since independence, South Sudan has received humanitarian and development assistance from the international community totalling......

GHA Briefing

Humanitarian funding to the Syrian crisis: update

As the crisis in Syria looks set to enter its fourth year, the needs and vulnerabilities of those affected is increasing. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)......

GHA Briefing

UN appeals 2014 – different process, greater needs

This year’s United Nation ‘appeal’ document represents the largest call for funds to date – US$12.9 billion, an increase of US$4.4 billion on last year. This was largely due to the enormous......

GHA Briefing

Central African Republic: the forgotten crisis

Central African Republic (CAR) has long been a ‘neglected emergency’: a relatively low recipient of humanitarian assistance despite high levels of humanitarian need. Following a coup in March 2013 by the Seleka......

GHA Update

Private funding for humanitarian assistance

This year’s Private Funding Report provides analysis of the money coming from private sources – such as companies, foundations and individuals – that contributed to the international humanitarian response between 2006 and......


GHA Report 2013

This tenth edition of the report provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive picture of global humanitarian financing, and describes some of the key trends and developments of the last decade.

Published: 12/07/2013 Pages:
GHA Briefing

UN announces largest ever humanitarian appeal for Syria

On Friday, 7 June 2013, the United Nations announced a new appeal for Syria – the largest ever to date, with total requirements reaching US$5.2 billion for 2013. The UN has, in......

GHA Briefing

Colombia: Resources for humanitarian response & poverty reduction

The vast majority of Colombia’s 3.6-5.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) have been forced from their homes as a result of the complex ongoing conflict between leftist guerrilla groups and the Colombian armed forces...

GHA Briefing

Counting the cost of humanitarian aid delivered through the military

The last decade has seen an increased prevalence and normalised involvement of military actors in the delivery of humanitarian assistance. Recent discussion and debates around military involvement have typically focused on matters...

Focus Report

Uganda: the resource picture

The politics of development in Uganda have changed significantly in recent years, moving away from a donor-driven poverty agenda towards a focus on growth and structural transformation. Uganda has moved from being......

Focus Report

Aid investments in DRR – rhetoric to action

This report uses the latest available data, to analyse aid investments in disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the period immediately following the United Nations’ (UN) 2005 Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), and looks......

Focus Report

GHA Report 2012 Summary

This is a summary of GHA Report 2012 – a report that uses the latest data to present the most comprehensive assessment of the international humanitarian financing response. The main report considers......

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GHA Report 2012

“The global response to humanitarian crises is the collective output of a complex ecosystem of communities, organisations and national and international governments, each facing a range of choices about how, where, when and how much they contribute to meet humanitarian need.”

Published: 19/07/2012 Pages: 102
Focus Report

Private funding: An emerging trend in humanitarian donorship

This report analyses the emerging role of private voluntary contributions in humanitarian donorship. It shows that private support to international development and humanitarian assistance has become increasingly important in recen...

Focus Report

Tracking spending on cash transfer programming

In this latest briefing paper we attempt to track spending on cash transfer programming in humanitarian emergencies. Our findings show that between 2006 and 2011 a total of US$554.0 million was spent......

Focus Report

Disaster risk reduction: Spending where it should count

This new report examines the levels of donor investment in disaster risk reduction in the top 40 humanitarian recipients over the last 10 years, and compares and contrasts these totals with overall......

Focus Report

Profile: Common humanitarian funds

The main aim of common humanitarian funds (CHFs) is to provide strategic  funding to in-country actors in support for the consolidated appeal process (CAP) to address humanitarian needs identified in a country’s common ...

Focus Report

Somalia: International Financing Investments

In a time of reflection on modes and emphasis of political, security and aid engagement in Somalia, this briefing paper attempts to shed light on the international financial investments in Somalia to......

Focus Report

Briefing paper: Bangladesh

This briefing paper analyses Bangladesh as an aid recipient. It also looks at other financial flows such as remittances, as well as country statistics and indicators such as multidimensional poverty....

Focus Report

Briefing paper: India

This briefing paper analyses India as an aid donor and an aid recipient. It also looks at other financial flows such as government revenues, foreign direct investment and remittances (both inward and......

Case Study

Humanitarian aid financing to Ethiopia, 2000-2010

Ethiopia is a major recipient of humanitarian aid: between 2001 and 2010, Ethiopia received 6% of the total international humanitarian assistance from governments and private donors. ...

Focus Report

Profile: Korea

In the lead up to the next High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan this month this report provides information on Korea’s development and humanitarian aid spending....

Focus Report

GHA evaluation 2011

At the beginning of 2011GHA commissioned a detailed programme evaluation that was carried out by independent consultant Ian Smillie. In summary the evaluation observed that “the programme has met or exceeded all......

Focus Report

Management response to GHA evaluation 2011

Following the GHA evaluation that was carried out at the beginning of 2011, management from Development Initiatives issued a response to the recommendations....

Focus Report

GHA Report 2011 Summary

This is a summary document of GHA Report 2011 which presents the very latest data on financial flows to humanitarian crises. Within the main report chapters on the provenance, destination and journey of humanitarian......

Focus Report

Profile: Emergency response funds

The main aim of emergency response funds (ERFs) is to provide rapid and flexible funding to in-country actors to address unforeseen humanitarian needs. This report provides information and data on the ERFs......

Focus Report

Arab Spring

Since December 2010 six out of 22 Arab countries (Yemen, Syria, Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Bahrain) have had major uprisings but only two (Egypt and Tunisia) have successfully managed regime change. In......

Focus Report

Arab donors and humanitarian aid

In this briefing we analyse humanitarian aid from Arab donors and put these contributions in the context of other donor governments. In addition we analyse Arab donor contributions to the Horn of Africa and......

Focus Report

South Sudan: aid in transition

Aid will continue to be an important resource flow to underwrite the provision of basic services and to meet humanitarian needs in a country where the state, still only six years old, lacks......

Focus Report

Horn of Africa food crisis, July 2011

This fact-sheet is a round-up of facts and aid data for Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya and Somalia.  ...


GHA Report 2011

“The latter part of the last decade has been underscored by deepening vulnerability in many developing countries associated with the global financial and food crises. Meanwhile, conflict and climate change-related hazards have remained a major threat to the lives and livelihoods of many.”

Published: 20/07/2011 Pages: 112
Focus Report

Non-DAC donors and humanitarian aid

This report analyses the changing patterns in non-DAC donor development and humanitarian financing, focusing specifically on the key players and the changing trends in delivery and recipient allocation. It attempts to go......

Focus Report

Sudan aid factsheet, 1995-2009: Focus on South Sudan

South Sudan was declared an independent state on 9th July 2011 and became a recipient of aid in its own right rather than as a region of Sudan. This provides new opportunities......

Case Study

Kenya Red Cross: resource flows and the humanitarian contribution

This case study set out to explore the various sources and volumes of income of the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) as well as the benefits and challenges associated with the various......

Focus Report

Pooled funding mechanisms and large-scale disasters

If a disaster occurs in a country where pooled funds already exist they can prove an important tool for coordinating emergency, reconstruction and recovery aid and ensuring that needs are met. Occasionally......

Focus Report

GHA User Survey Report 2011

We asked you back in February to give us your feedback on the GHA programme. We wanted to know what we have been doing right and where we could do better or......

Focus Report

Profile: Japan

Between 1998 and 2000 Japan was the largest aid donor reporting to the OECD DAC – its contributions peaked to US$12.4 billion in 2000. However, in terms of humanitarian aid, Japan is......

Annual Report

Annual report to donors: July 2009 to June 2010

This annual report  covers the period 1 July 2009 to 30 June 2010 and provides a narrative of the Global Humanitarian Assistance (GHA) programme’s progress against objectives and activities outlined in the grant proposal as....

Annual Report

Annual report to donors: July 2008 to June 2009

This annual report  covers the period 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2009 and provides a narrative of the Global Humanitarian Assistance (GHA) programme’s progress against objectives and activities outlined in the grant proposal as....

Focus Report

Yemen aid factsheet, 1995-2009

The situation in Yemen is complex due to a multiplicity of issues such as internal protracted conflict, al-Qaeda activity, risks of vulnerabilities to natural disasters, water shortages and refugee displacement. Yemen ranks......

Focus Report

Profile: Central Emergency Response Fund

A key element of the humanitarian reform process that began formally in 2005 was the need to improve funding for humanitarian crises on a global scale, especially through the use of pooled......

Focus Report

Sudan aid factsheet, 1995-2009

Sudan is a major aid recipient, but also a challenging one from the perspective of government donors. The January 2011 referendum that will lead to the secession of South Sudan will create......

Focus Report

Afghanistan: Tracking major resource flows, 2002-2010

This latest report sheds light on Afghanistan’s rapid transformation the world’s leading recipient of aid. It reveals the nature of the domestic and international aid architecture which has developed to receive and......

Case Study

Domestic response in Bangladesh

This second case study on domestic response focuses on Bangladesh and takes a look at how Bangladeshis respond when a crisis hits their country. As a country prone to natural disasters it seems it’s the assistance which comes e...

Focus Report

UN Humanitarian Appeal 2011

This report is a collection of articles that the Global Humanitarian Assistance team have written on this year’s humanitarian appeal. In these articles we examine the scope and scale of this record......

Focus Report

Input into DFID’s Humanitarian Emergency Response Review (HERR)

This paper is Development Initiatives’ submission to the Humanitarian Emergency Response Review (HERR) that the Department for International Development (DFID) has commissioned. It makes recommendations on the proposed value for...

Bi-annual report

GHA programme bi-annual report July-Dec 2010

This bi-annual report provides an update on GHA programme activities and progress over the last 6 months and plans for the future. Highlights include the launch of the new GHA website, country profiles......

Case Study

Haiti: Funding according to need

This briefing paper presents the findings from our research on the use of multi-sectoral needs assessments following the earthquake in Haiti in January 2010. It is one of two case studies that we conducted (the other being South S...

Case Study

Domestic response in Uganda

This study looks at domestic humanitarian response in Uganda. Who in Uganda helps their fellow countrymen at a time of crisis, how do they assist and what is the impact of this response. This is one of two case studies we conduc...

Case Study

Southern Sudan: Funding according to need

This briefing paper presents the findings from our research on the use of multi-sectoral needs assessments in Southern Sudan. It is one of two case studies that we conducted (the other being......


GHA Report 2010

“The failure of a single crop, a mudslide – can tip a vulnerable family or community from poverty into a crisis that is literally a matter of life and death.”

Published: 06/07/2010 Pages: 150
GHA Update

GHA Update 2010

Published in early February 2010, this is the Global Humanitarian Assistance team's first GHA Update....

GHD Indicators

GHD Indicators 2009


GHA Report

GHA Report 2009

Published in July 2009, GHA Report 2009 presents the latest data on financial flows to humanitarian crises, making the links between short-term acute crises and long-term chronic poverty....

Focus Report

Focus Report 2009 – Public support for humanitarian crises through NGOs

Most analyses of humanitarian assistance funding focus on the efforts of DAC donors and the relevant multilateral agencies for whom data is readily available. This excludes many sources of humanitarian assistance, notably......

GHA Update

GHA Update 2009: summary

Inside we examine the humanitarian funds that come from what we sometimes call ‘traditional donor countries’ as well as those that are new or newly influential. There are also sections examining the......

GHD Indicators

GHD Indicators 2008

GHD Indicator Report 2008 reports against data for 2007....

GHA Report

GHA Report 2007/2008

Published in March 2008, Global Humanitarian Assistance 2007/2008 looks at official humanitarian assistance expenditure relating to 2006 and other flows reported through the UN OCHA FTS to the end of 2007....

GHD Indicators

GHD Indicators 2006


GHA Report

GHA Report 2006

2005 created a new environment for global humanitarian assistance. Are the emerging patterns and trends unique? Or do they signal a new architecture with a more diverse set of actors and different......

GHA Report

GHA Report 2004/2005

GHA 2004/05 Update was issued in June 2005....

GHA Report

GHA Report 2003

GHA 2003 was the first report of its kind to bring together data to provide an estimate of overall humanitarian assistance, putting the international resources at at least US$10 billion a year....

GHA Report

GHA Report 2000

Published in May 2001, GHA 2000 was the first in the Global Humanitarian Assistance series of reports....