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GHA Report 2012

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Report Synopsis

The GHA Report 2012 uses the latest data to present the most comprehensive assessment of the international humanitarian financing response. It considers how this response has measured up to the scale of global humanitarian crises and reflects on the timeliness, proportionality, and phasing of investments. Chapters on humanitarian funding (the donors, recipients and channels of delivery), the forces which shape humanitarian need, and the investments needed to tackle vulnerability are presented, revealing the complexity of humanitarian response.

In 2010 major natural disasters in Haiti and Pakistan had wide-ranging effects on the collective humanitarian response: driving up overall international spending by 23% over the previous year; drawing in new government and private donors; and involving military actors in responses on a huge; scale. These crises also shifted historic geographical concentrations of humanitarian spending, exacerbating the gap in unmet financing for a number of other countries.

In 2011 global humanitarian needs were smaller in scale, with the UN’s consolidated humanitarian appeal requesting US$8.9 billion, 21% less in financing, to meet the humanitarian needs of 62 million people, compared with US$11.3 billion requested to meet the needs of 74 million people in 2010. The overall international humanitarian financing response fell back by 9%, from US$18.8 billion in 2010 to US$17.1 billion in 2011. But despite the reduction in needs in the UN’s humanitarian appeals, the gap in unmet financing widened to levels not seen in ten years.

Humanitarian crises not only occur in parts of the world where many people are already poor: they deepen poverty and prevent people from escaping from it. Building resilience to shock and disaster risk therefore is not only the concern of affected communities and humanitarians; it is of fundamental importance in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and in the elimination of absolute poverty.

You can read blogs about GHA Report 2012 from Ed Cairns (Senior Policy Adviser at Oxfam GB) and Peter Walker (Director of Feinstein International Centre).

You can also access:

– Chapter-by-chapter data available for download here.

Chapter 1 – Humanitarian response to crises

Chapter 2 – Forces shaping humanitarian need

Chapter 3 – Investments to tackle vulnerability

GHA 2012 – Reference tables

– Our report on Issuu here.

– The infographics and images from the report on the Development Initiatives Flickr site here.

GHA 2012 report infographics

GHA 2012 report images



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4 Comments in total

  1. Konga Justin says:

    Thanks for the importantant informations.

    06/08/2012 10:53 am

  2. Gerard says:

    Could you advise which country gave the biggest humanitarian aid in 2012?

    20/12/2012 8:21 am

    • Dan Sparks says:

      Dear Gerard,

      Thank you for your enquiry.

      The only data currently available for 2012 comes from the UNOCHA FTS database. Please find below the top 5 government donors as reported to the FTS as of this morning (03 Jan 2013). Please note the FTS is a real time database and is subject to retrospective amendments. If citing the figures you might want to reference the date the data was downloaded.

      United States of America US$3,153 million
      European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office US$1,815 million
      United Kingdom US$808 million
      Sweden US$684 million
      Japan US$659 million

      The UNOCHA FTS data is useful particularly for looking at real time events, assessing contributions from governments who don’t report to the OECD DAC (such as China and Brazil) and analysing expenditure relating to the UN consolidated appeals process. However, reporting by donors is completely voluntary so we can never be certain that all the information on humanitarian aid has been captured.

      In our reports and on the website we predominately use more accurate data provided by the OECD DAC for our calculations of humanitarian assistance. Unfortunately, full 2012 figures for ‘official HA’ won’t be available from the OECD DAC until this time next year (preliminary figures for 2012 should be available in April). Detailed final 2011 aid figures have recently been released by the OECD DAC and will be working on updating our 2011 “official aid figures” in the next few weeks (in terms of donor ranking the amendments to the figures are probably unlikely to change the top 5 donors for 2011 as quoted in the 2012 GHA Report GHA’s calculation of international humanitarian response which will include updated figures for 2011 and estimates for 2012, will be available in June/July if this year and published in the 2013 GHA report.

      04/01/2013 2:06 pm

  3. Immigration Solicitor Hillingdon says:

    Very good post! We are linking to this great post on our website.
    Keep up the great writing.

    27/02/2013 2:26 am

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The global response to humanitarian crises is the collective output of a complex ecosystem of communities, organisations and national and international governments, each facing a range of choices about how, where, when and how much they contribute to meet humanitarian need.”

GHA Report 2012

Report Breakdown


Executive summary

Chapter 1: Humanitarian response to crises

Where does the funding come from?

  • International contributions from governments
  • National governments providing humanitarian assistance within their borders
  • Private contributions from foundations, companies and individuals to NGOs, UN and the Red Cross
  • Where does the funding go?

    • Country variations
    • Shifting trends
    • How does the funding get there?

      • Funding to first-level recipients
      • Civil society in crisis-affected countries
      • Pooled funds
      • The military
      • Chapter 2: Forces shaping humanitarian need

        • Drivers of vulnerability and crisis
        • Assessing the scale of the crisis
        • Response to the crisis – funding appeals
        • Proportionality in financing responses to crises
        • Chapter 3: Investments to tackle vulnerability

          • Poverty, vulnerability and crisis
          • Social protection and cash transfers
          • Investments in disaster risk reduction
          • Investments in governance and security
          • Using aid to add value in the context of other resources

          Data & Guides

          • Key definitions, concepts and methodology
          • Data sources
          • Acronyms and abbreviations
          • Reference tables