Types of Assistance
- Investments in
Key Figures 2013
Contributions to UN
US$1.4 billion, 2012
- In 2013, the US provided US$4.7 billion for humanitarian emergencies, making it the largest government donor of official humanitarian assistance.
- Over the past decade the US has been the largest government provider of humanitarian assistance. Annual humanitarian assistance increased by 18% in 2013.
- Over the past decade annual humanitarian assistance has accounted for between 12.9% and 16.8% of the US’ official development assistance (ODA). In 2013, the US’ ODA was equal to 0.2% of gross national income (GNI).
- 59% of the US’ overall humanitarian assistance in the last 10 years has gone to countries in sub-Saharan Africa. In the last 10 years the largest recipients of its humanitarian assistance have been Sudan (US$4.6 billion), Ethiopia (US$3.1 billion) and Pakistan (US$1.7 billion). The US was the largest donor to both Ethiopia and Pakistan in 2012.
- In 2013, the US provided US$548 million to the Syria Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRP) appeal, accounting for 25% of all funding.
- 90% of the US’ humanitarian assistance between 2008 and 2012 went to countries classified as fragile in the 2014 OECD Fragile States report.
- 79% of the US’ official humanitarian assistance was spent in countries classified as long-term recipients of humanitarian assistance in 2012.
- The USAID Policy Framework 2011–2015 is the first of its kind (and will be revised every four years) and outlines the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)’s seven core development objectives:
- Increase food security
- Promote global health and health systems
- Reduce climate change impacts and promote low-emissions growth
- Promote sustainable, broad-based economic growth
- Expand and sustain the ranks of stable, prosperous and democratic states
- Provide humanitarian assistance – paying close attention to the challenges women and girls face in post-disaster environments, including the increased risk of sexual violence
- Support disaster mitigation and prevent and respond to crises, conflict and instability.
- The US is a member of, and adheres to the principles and practice, of the Good Humanitarian Donorship Group. It leads the Safety and Security work stream within the group. It was last peer reviewed by the OECD DAC in 2011.
- USAID is a member of IATI and first published data in January 2013. The US endorsed IATI at the High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan in December 2011.
- Humanitarian assistance and ODA can be viewed in the wider context of resource flows that can be mobilised in Development Initiatives’ Investments to End Poverty (ITEP) report – US country profile.
Types of Assistance
You can access various indicators and indices, together with information on engagement and data publication for each country from this Google Doc.