Types of Assistance
- Investments in
Key Figures 2011
Contributions to UN
- Turkey was the 33rd largest recipient of official humanitarian assistance in 2011
- Turkey received the equivalent of 0.35% of its gross national income (GNI) as aid (ODA) in 2010
- Turkey gave the equivalent of 0.17% of its GNI as foreign assistance in 2011
- GNI rank in 2011: 17 of 214
Turkey has been responding financially to international humanitarian crises for a number of years. For example, in 2005 it was the largest government donor to channel humanitarian assistance to Pakistan (US$147 million) following severe flooding. However, between 2011 and 2012, the country saw an exponential increase in humanitarian assistance of US$775 million. This increase contributed to Turkey’s overall humanitarian assistance figure of over US$1 billion in 2012, making it the fourth largest donor globally. Turkey’s share of humanitarian assistance as a percentage of official development assistance (ODA) also increased to 41.4% in 2012. In 2012 Turkey was the 15th largest government donor of ODA. A large proportion of humanitarian assistance has gone to the surrounding region and also to assist refugees within Turkey affected by regional crises such as Syria. By mid-2013, around 431,000 Syrians were estimated to be in need of assistance in Turkey with around 201,000 living in camps and the remainder living mainly in urban areas. Turkey has adopted a temporary protection regime for any Syrians within Turkey.
Due to its geographical location and susceptibility to natural disasters such as earthquakes, external assistance is often matched by significant domestic response capacity within the country itself. In 1999 the Marmara region of Turkey was hit by an earthquake which killed around 18,000 people and affected over 1.6 million (CRED). This disaster marked a peak in humanitarian assistance to Turkey, of US$106 million in 1999. In October 2011, a 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck the country, killing hundreds and injuring thousands.
In 2011 gross ODA to Turkey increased to US$3.7 billion making it the sixth largest recipient globally. Prior to 2009, Turkey had not even been amongst the world’s top 20 recipients of aid since 1991.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs oversees Turkey’s development institutions and policy priorities and the Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (TIKA) is the principal body for administering aid, operating in the area of technical development and implementing projects in health, education, agriculture, capacity building and vocational training in developing countries. Humanitarian aid is administered through the Turkish Red Crescent (Kizilay) and Turkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Office.
While Turkey is not yet a member of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), it is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and has been reporting its assistance to this body since 1990. The Turkish government is currently evaluating the offer made by the OECD in December 2012 of becoming a DAC member.
Types of Assistance
You can access various indicators and indices, together with information on engagement and data publication for each country from this Google Doc.