Types of Assistance
- Investments in
Key Figures 2013
Contributions to UN
- In 2013, Turkey provided US$1.6 billion for humanitarian emergencies, making it the third largest government donor of official humanitarian assistance.
- Over the past decade Turkey has been the sixth largest government provider of humanitarian assistance. Its annual humanitarian assistance increased by 57% in 2013.
- Over the past decade annual humanitarian assistance has accounted for between 4% and 41% of Turkey’s official development assistance (ODA). In 2013, Turkey’s ODA was equal to 0.4% of gross national income (GNI).
- 53% of Turkey’s overall humanitarian assistance in the last 10 years has gone to countries in the Middle East. In the last 10 years the largest recipients have been Syria (US$980 million), Somalia (US$48 million) and the West Bank and Gaza Strip (US$9 million). Turkey was the largest donor to Syria in 2012.
- In 2013, Turkey provided US$5 million to the West Bank and Gaza appeal, accounting for 2% of all funding.
- 89% of Turkey’s humanitarian assistance between 2008 and 2012 went to countries classified as fragile in the 2014 OECD Fragile States report.
- 87% of Turkey’s official humanitarian assistance was spent in countries classified as long-term recipients of humanitarian assistance between 2008 and 2012.
- The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) oversees Turkey’s development institutions and policy priorities and the Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (TIKA) is the principal body for administering aid in developing countries. According to Turkey’s Development Assistance Report 2012, its emergency aid has two components: aid for Syrians living inside the country and assistance given in response to wars, conflicts and natural disasters.
- Turkey endorsed IATI at the High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan in December 2011.
- Humanitarian assistance and ODA can be viewed in the wider context of resource flows that can be mobilised in Development Initiatives’ Investments to End Poverty (ITEP) report – Turkey country profile.
Note on data sources for Turkey country profile
Humanitarian assistance from Turkey is reported to both the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA’s) Financial Tracking Service (FTS) and to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC). The FTS and DAC employ different categories and definitions of humanitarian assistance.
The totals reported to the OECD DAC may include some of the costs for Turkey’s hosting of refugees on its own territory, while only humanitarian assistance given internationally can be reported to UN OCHA’s FTS. Turkey does not report to the DAC’s Creditor Reporting System (CRS) as it is not a DAC member, and therefore there is no detailed project level data on the total humanitarian assistance that Turkey has reported to the OECD DAC. However, according to both the DAC and Turkey’s own statements, it is likely that a significant proportion of Turkey’s DAC reported humanitarian assistance in recent years is for expenditure on Syrian refugees within Turkey.
In Turkey’s country profile, we have used humanitarian assistance data from the OECD DAC – though here we show the total aggregate amounts reported to both the OECD DAC and UN OCHA’s FTS for comparison.
Types of Assistance
Saudi Arabia and UAE’s GNI values are based on 2009 values
You can access various indicators and indices, together with information on engagement and data publication for each country from this Google Doc.