Types of Assistance
- Investments in
Key Figures 2013
Contributions to UN
US$53 million, 2012
- In 2013, Sweden provided US$785 million for humanitarian emergencies, making it the sixth largest government donor of official humanitarian assistance.
- Over the past decade Sweden has been the fourth largest government provider of humanitarian assistance. Annual humanitarian assistance increased slightly by 1% in 2013.
- Over the past decade annual humanitarian assistance has accounted for between 11.5% and 15.6% of Sweden’s official development assistance (ODA). In 2013, Sweden’s ODA was equal to 1% of gross national income (GNI).
- 50% of Sweden’s overall humanitarian assistance in the last 10 years has gone to countries in sub-Saharan Africa. In the last 10 years the largest recipients of its humanitarian assistance have been West Bank and Gaza Strip (US$540 million), Sudan (US$444 million) and Democratic Republic of the Congo (US$241 million).
- In 2013, Sweden provided US$28 million to the UN-coordinated Somalia Strategic Response Plan, accounting for 5% of all funding to that appeal.
- 80% of Sweden’s humanitarian assistance between 2008 and 2012 went to countries classified as fragile in the 2014 OECD Fragile States report.
- 72% of Sweden’s official humanitarian assistance was spent in countries classified as long-term recipients of humanitarian assistance in 2012.
- The Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) is the main agency responsible for humanitarian and development assistance, reporting to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA). The humanitarian budget is split between the MFA’s core grants to multilateral organisations and Sida’s bilateral funding and NGO partnerships.
Sweden’s 2011–14 humanitarian strategy is due to be updated in 2015, following a review. The strategy states an overall objective “to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity for the benefit of people in need who are, or are at risk of becoming, affected by armed conflicts, natural disasters or other disaster situations” through “rapid, flexible and quality-assured support to humanitarian operations”.
In 2013 an OECD DAC peer review of Sweden found it to be a good humanitarian donor overall, with a clear humanitarian policy backed up by a substantial and growing budget. It noted Sweden’s flexible funding for both protracted and new crises and its involvement of beneficiaries, but recommended that it speed up disbursements to partners.
- Sweden is a leading member of the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) Group, and hosted the inaugural conference in Stockholm in 2003, which endorsed the 23 GHD principles. It was co-chair of the Group in 2007–08.
- Sida is a member of IATI and first published data in September 2011. Sweden endorsed IATI at the High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan in December 2011, and is part of the IATI Secretariat.
- Humanitarian assistance and ODA can be viewed in the wider context of resource flows that can be mobilised in Development Initiatives’ Investments to End Poverty (ITEP) report – Sweden country profile.
Types of Assistance
You can access various indicators and indices, together with information on engagement and data publication for each country from this Google Doc.