Types of Assistance
- Investments in
Key Figures 2013
Contributions to EU
- In 2013, the EU institutions provided US$1.9 billion for humanitarian emergencies.
- Annual humanitarian assistance from the EU institutions rose by 7% between 2012 and 2013, an upwards trend which has been maintained since 2009, after assistance fell sharply the previous year.
- Over the past decade, annual humanitarian assistance has accounted for between 10% (2012) and 15.5% (2006) of the EU institutions’ official development assistance (ODA).
- 2% of the EU institutions’ overall humanitarian assistance in the last 10 years has gone to countries in sub-Saharan Africa. In the last 10 years the largest bilateral recipients of their humanitarian assistance have been the West Bank and Gaza (US$1.5 billion), Sudan (US$1.0 billion) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (US$742 million). The EU institutions have been the largest donor to the West Bank and Gaza almost every year since 2003, apart from 2008 (when the largest donor was Kuwait) and 2011 (the US).
- In 2013, the EU institutions provided a combined US$493 million to the Syria Regional Refugee Response Plan and Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan appeals, accounting for 16% and 14% of funding respectively to these appeals.
- 79% of the European institutions’ humanitarian assistance between 2008 and 2012 went to countries classified as fragile in the 2014 OECD Fragile States report.
- 72% of the EU institutions’ official humanitarian assistance was spent in countries classified as long-term recipients of humanitarian assistance between 2008 and 2012.
- Humanitarian assistance, like development cooperation, is a shared competence between the EU and member states (Article 179 (Development Cooperation) of the Treaty establishing the European Community); the EU has a ‘federating’ role. The EU Consensus on Humanitarian Aid provides a basis for common action and harmonisation, and the Member State Working Party on Humanitarian and Food Aid (COHAFA) is a key forum for coordination and policy debate.
The European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Office (ECHO) administers most of the EU institutions’ humanitarian assistance, with some funds also originating from the EuropeAid Development and Cooperation Division (DEVCO).
The EU institutions’ General Guidelines on Operational Priorities for Humanitarian Aid in 2013 focused on aid effectiveness and an orientation on results and impact, as well as cross-cutting issues such as WASH, gender, nutrition and disaster risk reduction.
The European Union were last peer reviewed by the OECD DAC in 2012
Types of Assistance
You can access various indicators and indices, together with information on engagement and data publication for each country from this Google Doc.