Types of Assistance
- Investments in
Key Figures 2011
Cost of multilateral
- Afghanistan was the fourth largest recipient of official humanitarian assistance in 2011
- Afghanistan received the equivalent of 35% of its gross national income (GNI) as aid (ODA) in 2011
- Afghanistan has experienced active conflict in each of the ten years between 2002 and 2011
- Classified as a fragile state, 2012
- Vulnerability index score, 2012-2013: High
Afghanistan is struggling to overcome the destructive legacies of multiple wars and conflict over the past three decades, with concomitant insecurity, forced displacement and violence against civilians and very limited humanitarian access.
Afghanistan’s already precarious human development and humanitarian indicators were further set back by the 2001 invasion and subsequent insurgency and counter-insurgency operations. By July 2013 an estimated 590,000 people had been displaced as a result of the conflict (OCHA). Despite the levels of insecurity, five million refugees have returned to the country since 2002, increasing the population by over 20% (UNHCR). A further 5.3 million Afghan refugees continue to reside in Iran and Pakistan (OCHA).
Floods, earthquakes and drought also affect Afghanistan periodically, affecting an estimated 220,026 people per year. Last year alone, flooding, landslides and extreme rainfall events were responsible for 378 deaths (CRED).
Afghanistan has been a major humanitarian assistance recipient during the last decade, but its history of humanitarian assistance financing has been complex, controversial and often unpredictable.
Humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan increased dramatically in the year following the US-led invasion, before falling sharply the next year. Development assistance continued to grow steadily throughout the decade, while humanitarian assistance remained at relatively low levels until a major escalation in humanitarian needs in 2008 prompted an upturn in humanitarian funding.
However, despite receiving US$42 billion of official development assistance (ODA) between 2002 and 2011, conditions in Afghanistan are worsening and humanitarian indicators have steadily deteriorated in recent years.
Afghanistan is also undergoing a major security transition, and as international assistance continues to withdraw, the country enters a new period of vulnerability.
Types of Assistance
You can access various indicators and indices, together with information on engagement and data publication for each country from this Google Doc.