Types of Assistance
- Investments in
- Briefings & Reports
Key Figures 2011
Cost of multilateral
- Afghanistan was the fourth largest recipient of official humanitarian assistance in 2011
- Afghanistan received the equivalent of 35% of its gross national income (GNI) as aid (ODA) in 2011
- Afghanistan has experienced active conflict in each of the ten years between 2002 and 2011
- Classified as a fragile state, 2012
- Vulnerability index score, 2012-2013: High
Afghanistan is struggling to overcome the destructive legacies of multiple wars and conflict over the past three decades, with concomitant insecurity, forced displacement and violence against civilians and very limited humanitarian access.
Afghanistan’s already precarious human development and humanitarian indicators were further set back by the 2001 invasion and subsequent insurgency and counter-insurgency operations. By July 2013 an estimated 590,000 people had been displaced as a result of the conflict (OCHA). Despite the levels of insecurity, five million refugees have returned to the country since 2002, increasing the population by over 20% (UNHCR). A further 5.3 million Afghan refugees continue to reside in Iran and Pakistan (OCHA).
Floods, earthquakes and drought also affect Afghanistan periodically, affecting an estimated 220,026 people per year. Last year alone, flooding, landslides and extreme rainfall events were responsible for 378 deaths (CRED).
Afghanistan has been a major humanitarian assistance recipient during the last decade, but its history of humanitarian assistance financing has been complex, controversial and often unpredictable.
Humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan increased dramatically in the year following the US-led invasion, before falling sharply the next year. Development assistance continued to grow steadily throughout the decade, while humanitarian assistance remained at relatively low levels until a major escalation in humanitarian needs in 2008 prompted an upturn in humanitarian funding.
However, despite receiving US$42 billion of official development assistance (ODA) between 2002 and 2011, conditions in Afghanistan are worsening and humanitarian indicators have steadily deteriorated in recent years.
Afghanistan is also undergoing a major security transition, and as international assistance continues to withdraw, the country enters a new period of vulnerability.
Types of Assistance
You can access various indicators and indices, together with information on engagement and data publication for each country from this Google Doc.
Briefings & ReportsView Crisis Briefings
Briefings and Reports
From here you can access all our briefings, reports and humanitarian analysis on Afghanistan.
Conflict in Myanmar, floods in Afghanistan – under-reported and under-funded? – While the situations in Syria, South Sudan, the Central African Republic and the Philippines rightly continue to command significant humanitarian attention, elsewhere other crises are emerging or escalating. The recent flash floods in Afghanistan and the conflict in Kachin, Myanmar may be affecting fewer people, but for those caught up in them the impact is devastating and the needs great.
UN appeal for Afghanistan, needs revised upwards in Q4 – The UN revised their humanitarian financing needs for Afghanistan upwards by US$129 million this week to meet increased humanitarian needs associated with slow onset drought.
Afghanistan, Iraq and the Aid Legacy of Osama Bin Laden – Aid to Afghanistan appears likely to stay at these remarkably high levels whilst with the international community having realised that turning the country into a stable state is going to need continual and substantial support for a number of years.
Afghanistan: Tracking major resource flows, 2002-2010 – This report sheds light on Afghanistan’s rapid transformation the world’s leading recipient of aid.
Aid to Afghanistan grew by US$1.3 billion in 2009, while humanitarian aid fell – The recent release of 2009’s aid figures reported to the OECD DAC confirms that Afghanistan remained the leading global recipient of aid in 2009 with an increase of US$1.3 billion on 2008 (based on 2008 constant prices).